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名站技术分析 — tudou网首页下列菜单的弹出效果

作者: BearRui(AK-47)  来源: 博客园  发布时间: 2010-11-08 21:32  阅读: 946 次  推荐: 0   原文链接   [收藏]  
摘要:土豆(tudou.com)首页的导航条,当鼠标移到到“社区”菜单时,对应的菜单的弹出效果比较有意思,类似于一个弹球落地的效果,对于有意思的东西,当然要研究研究。

  土豆(tudou.com)首页的导航条,当鼠标移到到“社区”菜单时,对应的菜单的弹出效果比较有意思,类似于一个弹球落地的效果,对于有意思的东西,当然要研究研究。有兴趣的朋友可以自己先去看看效果,然后再来看文章。

  tudou代码

  看了tudou的js代码,发现他们也是使用jquery来实现动画效果的,代码如下:

f.style.height=0;
this.style.visibility="visible";
$(f).animate({height:g},500,"easeOutBounce");
$(i).addClass("hover")

  最重要的是上面第三行代码,使用jquery的animate的函数,其中重点就是tudou自定义了animate的easing函数,即easeOutBounce函数,easeOutBounce函数如下。

 

 easeOutBounce:function(o,p,n,r,q){
	if((p/=q)<(1/2.75)){
		return r*(7.5625*p*p)+n
	}else{
		if(p<(2/2.75)){
			return r*(7.5625*(p-=(1.5/2.75))*p+0.75)+n
		}else{
			if(p<(2.5/2.75)){
				return r*(7.5625*(p-=(2.25/2.75))*p+0.9375)+n
			}else{
				return r*(7.5625*(p-=(2.625/2.75))*p+0.984375)+n
			}
		}
	}
   }

  DEMO

  先不分析代码,先用tudou的easeOutBounce函数做个demo看看效果。

  demo(该demo在IE下点击没有效果,可能是跟博客园的其他代码有冲突,不想花时间去解决。要在IE下看效果,请copy后面的代码在本地进行测试):

  我的菜单(点击我)
  • 菜单一
  • 菜单二
  • 菜单三
  • 菜单四

代码:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
	<head>
	<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
	<script type="text/javascript" src="http://common.cnblogs.com/script/jquery.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript">
	jQuery.extend(jQuery.easing,{
		def : "easeOutQuad",
		swing : function(o, p, n, r, q) {
			return jQuery.easing[jQuery.easing.def](o, p, n, r,q)
		},
		easeOutBounce : function(o, p, n, r, q) {
			if ((p /= q) < (1 / 2.75)) {
				return r * (7.5625 * p * p) + n
			} else {
				if (p < (2 / 2.75)) {
					return r * (7.5625 * (p -= (1.5 / 2.75)) * p + 0.75) + n
				} else {
					if (p < (2.5 / 2.75)) {
						return r * (7.5625 * (p -= (2.25 / 2.75))	* p + 0.9375) + n
					} else {
						return r * (7.5625 * (p -= (2.625 / 2.75)) * p + 0.984375) + n
					}
				}
			}
		}
	});
	function showMenu(){
		resetMenu();
		$("#b_menu").animate({height:100},500,"easeOutBounce");
	}
	function resetMenu(){
		$("#b_menu").show();
		$("#b_menu").height(0);
	}
	</script>
	
	<style type="text/css">
		#b_menu{border:1px solid #F56E0B;width:100px;list-style:none;padding:0;height:0;overflow:hidden;display:none;}
		#b_menu li{line-height:25px;width:100px;text-align:center;}
	</style>		
	</head>
	<body>
	  <a href="javascript:showMenu();void(0)">我的菜单</a><br />
	  <ul id="b_menu">
	  	<li>菜单一</li>	
	  	<li>菜单二</li>	
	  	<li>菜单三</li>	
	  	<li>菜单四</li>	
	  </ul>		
  </body>		
</html>  

  easing函数

  jquery默认定义了2个easing函数,分别是swing和linear,easing函数格式如下:function(o, p, n, r, q)
但对于该几个参数的具体说明,jquery官方也没有文档说明(不知道是否是我没有找到),经过我看源代码和自己的理解,对几个参数理解如下:
o = p/q
p: 当前时间 - animate开始时间的毫秒值
n: 起始值,一直为0
r: 这个个人认为是递增值,一直为1
q: animate中的duration参数,即设置的动画效果运行完毕需要的时间
返回值:返回1个大于0,小于等于1的百分比值,animate方法通过这个百分比去计算各个参数的值
  知道这几个参数的含义后,再看看tudou的easeOutBounce,就发现其第一行代码写的有问题,if ((p /= q) < (1 / 2.75)) 其实可以直接写成 if ((o) < (1 / 2.75)) 。
  可以看出tudou的开发人员对easing函数的几个参数也不太理解,不然就不会这样写了(也有可能easeOutBounce函数,tudou也是直接从其他地方copy过来的,呵呵)
  胡言乱语
  在查询jquery的easing参数的时候,无意间发现1个专门做easing效果的网站(http://gsgd.co.uk/sandbox/jquery/easing/),而土豆的几个easing效果代码跟该网站的easing效果代码是惊人的相似,除了参数名不同外(这也出现我前面copy 代码的猜测),其实是不是copy都无所谓的,偶也是胡言乱语下,大家也别想太多,贴出2段代码,大家自己看看吧。
下面tudou的代码:
jQuery.extend(jQuery.easing,{
	def : "easeOutQuad",
	swing : function(o, p, n, r, q) {
		return jQuery.easing[jQuery.easing.def](o, p, n, r,q)
	},
	easeInQuad : function(o, p, n, r, q) {
		return r * (p /= q) * p + n
	},
	easeOutQuad : function(o, p, n, r, q) {
		return -r * (p /= q) * (p - 2) + n
	},
	easeInOutQuad : function(o, p, n, r, q) {
		if ((p /= q / 2) < 1) {
			return r / 2 * p * p * p + n
		}
		return r / 2 * ((p -= 2) * p * p + 2) + n
	},
	easeInBack : function(o, p, n, u, r, q) {
		if (q == undefined) {
			q = 1.70158
		}
		return u * (p /= r) * p * ((q + 1) * p - q) + n
	},
	easeOutBack : function(o, p, n, u, r, q) {
		if (q == undefined) {
			q = 1.70158
		}
		return u * ((p = p / r - 1) * p * ((q + 1) * p + q) + 1) + n
	},
	easeOutBounce : function(o, p, n, r, q) {
		if ((p /= q) < (1 / 2.75)) {
			return r * (7.5625 * p * p) + n
		} else {
			if (p < (2 / 2.75)) {
				return r * (7.5625 * (p -= (1.5 / 2.75)) * p + 0.75) + n
			} else {
				if (p < (2.5 / 2.75)) {
					return r * (7.5625 * (p -= (2.25 / 2.75))	* p + 0.9375) + n
				} else {
					return r * (7.5625 * (p -= (2.625 / 2.75)) * p + 0.984375) + n
				}
			}
		}
	}
});

http://gsgd.co.uk/sandbox/jquery/easing/jquery.easing.1.3.js 代码
jQuery.extend( jQuery.easing,{
	def: 'easeOutQuad',
	swing: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		//alert(jQuery.easing.default);
		return jQuery.easing[jQuery.easing.def](x, t, b, c, d);
	},
	easeInQuad: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c*(t/=d)*t + b;
	},
	easeOutQuad: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return -c *(t/=d)*(t-2) + b;
	},
	easeInOutQuad: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if ((t/=d/2) < 1) return c/2*t*t + b;
		return -c/2 * ((--t)*(t-2) - 1) + b;
	},
	easeInCubic: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c*(t/=d)*t*t + b;
	},
	easeOutCubic: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c*((t=t/d-1)*t*t + 1) + b;
	},
	easeInOutCubic: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if ((t/=d/2) < 1) return c/2*t*t*t + b;
		return c/2*((t-=2)*t*t + 2) + b;
	},
	easeInQuart: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c*(t/=d)*t*t*t + b;
	},
	easeOutQuart: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return -c * ((t=t/d-1)*t*t*t - 1) + b;
	},
	easeInOutQuart: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if ((t/=d/2) < 1) return c/2*t*t*t*t + b;
		return -c/2 * ((t-=2)*t*t*t - 2) + b;
	},
	easeInQuint: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c*(t/=d)*t*t*t*t + b;
	},
	easeOutQuint: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c*((t=t/d-1)*t*t*t*t + 1) + b;
	},
	easeInOutQuint: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if ((t/=d/2) < 1) return c/2*t*t*t*t*t + b;
		return c/2*((t-=2)*t*t*t*t + 2) + b;
	},
	easeInSine: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return -c * Math.cos(t/d * (Math.PI/2)) + c + b;
	},
	easeOutSine: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c * Math.sin(t/d * (Math.PI/2)) + b;
	},
	easeInOutSine: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return -c/2 * (Math.cos(Math.PI*t/d) - 1) + b;
	},
	easeInExpo: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return (t==0) ? b : c * Math.pow(2, 10 * (t/d - 1)) + b;
	},
	easeOutExpo: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return (t==d) ? b+c : c * (-Math.pow(2, -10 * t/d) + 1) + b;
	},
	easeInOutExpo: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if (t==0) return b;
		if (t==d) return b+c;
		if ((t/=d/2) < 1) return c/2 * Math.pow(2, 10 * (t - 1)) + b;
		return c/2 * (-Math.pow(2, -10 * --t) + 2) + b;
	},
	easeInCirc: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return -c * (Math.sqrt(1 - (t/=d)*t) - 1) + b;
	},
	easeOutCirc: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c * Math.sqrt(1 - (t=t/d-1)*t) + b;
	},
	easeInOutCirc: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if ((t/=d/2) < 1) return -c/2 * (Math.sqrt(1 - t*t) - 1) + b;
		return c/2 * (Math.sqrt(1 - (t-=2)*t) + 1) + b;
	},
	easeInElastic: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		var s=1.70158;var p=0;var a=c;
		if (t==0) return b;  if ((t/=d)==1) return b+c;  if (!p) p=d*.3;
		if (a < Math.abs(c)) { a=c; var s=p/4; }
		else var s = p/(2*Math.PI) * Math.asin (c/a);
		return -(a*Math.pow(2,10*(t-=1)) * Math.sin( (t*d-s)*(2*Math.PI)/p )) + b;
	},
	easeOutElastic: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		var s=1.70158;var p=0;var a=c;
		if (t==0) return b;  if ((t/=d)==1) return b+c;  if (!p) p=d*.3;
		if (a < Math.abs(c)) { a=c; var s=p/4; }
		else var s = p/(2*Math.PI) * Math.asin (c/a);
		return a*Math.pow(2,-10*t) * Math.sin( (t*d-s)*(2*Math.PI)/p ) + c + b;
	},
	easeInOutElastic: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		var s=1.70158;var p=0;var a=c;
		if (t==0) return b;  if ((t/=d/2)==2) return b+c;  if (!p) p=d*(.3*1.5);
		if (a < Math.abs(c)) { a=c; var s=p/4; }
		else var s = p/(2*Math.PI) * Math.asin (c/a);
		if (t < 1) return -.5*(a*Math.pow(2,10*(t-=1)) * Math.sin( (t*d-s)*(2*Math.PI)/p )) + b;
		return a*Math.pow(2,-10*(t-=1)) * Math.sin( (t*d-s)*(2*Math.PI)/p )*.5 + c + b;
	},
	easeInBack: function (x, t, b, c, d, s) {
		if (s == undefined) s = 1.70158;
		return c*(t/=d)*t*((s+1)*t - s) + b;
	},
	easeOutBack: function (x, t, b, c, d, s) {
		if (s == undefined) s = 1.70158;
		return c*((t=t/d-1)*t*((s+1)*t + s) + 1) + b;
	},
	easeInOutBack: function (x, t, b, c, d, s) {
		if (s == undefined) s = 1.70158; 
		if ((t/=d/2) < 1) return c/2*(t*t*(((s*=(1.525))+1)*t - s)) + b;
		return c/2*((t-=2)*t*(((s*=(1.525))+1)*t + s) + 2) + b;
	},
	easeInBounce: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		return c - jQuery.easing.easeOutBounce (x, d-t, 0, c, d) + b;
	},
	easeOutBounce: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if ((t/=d) < (1/2.75)) {
			return c*(7.5625*t*t) + b;
		} else if (t < (2/2.75)) {
			return c*(7.5625*(t-=(1.5/2.75))*t + .75) + b;
		} else if (t < (2.5/2.75)) {
			return c*(7.5625*(t-=(2.25/2.75))*t + .9375) + b;
		} else {
			return c*(7.5625*(t-=(2.625/2.75))*t + .984375) + b;
		}
	},
	easeInOutBounce: function (x, t, b, c, d) {
		if (t < d/2) return jQuery.easing.easeInBounce (x, t*2, 0, c, d) * .5 + b;
		return jQuery.easing.easeOutBounce (x, t*2-d, 0, c, d) * .5 + c*.5 + b;
	}
});

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